The contemporary value of traditional culture, in-depth study and implementation of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important exposition on Chinese excellent traditional culture since the Eighteenth Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly and profoundly expounded the great value of carrying forward Chinese excellent traditional culture for the realization of the goal of "two hundred years" and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. These important expositions are rich in Ideological depth, historical thickness and practical strength, which are of great theoretical and practical significance not only to the ideological and cultural field, but also to the current and future practice of governing the country and government. These important expositions have pushed the combination of Marxism and Chinese excellent traditional culture to a new stage and promoted the understanding of Chinese excellent traditional culture to a new stage. At a high level, the construction of socialist culture with Chinese characteristics has been sublimated to a new level.
The Internal Relation between Socialist Core Values and Chinese Traditional Virtues
General Secretary Xi Jinping has always attached great importance to the cultivation and practice of socialist core values. He has repeatedly stressed that the cultivation and promotion of socialist core values must be based on the excellent traditional Chinese culture. He pointed out: "The core values, in fact, are a kind of virtue, which is not only personal virtue, but also a kind of great virtue, which is the national virtue and social virtue. No country without virtue, no man without virtue. If a nation and a country do not share the same core values, they can not agree on one another, and they do not belong to one another, then the nation and the country will not be able to move forward. This conclusion is a profound interpretation of the historical and cultural connotation of socialist core values.
The mainstream cultural and moral values of any era and any nation will not arise out of thin air. As the largest common number of values in China today, the socialist core values are the embodiment of the essence of Chinese traditional virtues with a long history. As we all know, compared with other long-standing large-scale civilizations in the world, the excellent traditional Chinese culture is more ethical and humanistic; the Chinese nation does not build a country or a person by religion, but runs a country by virtue and a cultural person from the very beginning. The coexistence of the state of etiquette and well-off life, the parallelism of "governing by virtue" and "righteousness supreme", "self-cultivation as the foundation" and "conscientious cultivation" has always been the criterion for evaluating the development of the country, social outlook and personal accomplishment.
At the national level, the socialist core values are expressed as "prosperity, democracy, civilization and harmony", which contains the national ethics and public morality carried by the development and progress of the country and the nation. Confucianism has always advocated that a country's implementation of benevolent government, so that the people are rich, civilized, harmonious interpersonal, to achieve "respect for morality and protect the people, with virtue matching heaven". It should be noted that putting "prosperity and strength" in the first place is particularly in line with China's national conditions. "Well-off" and "Great Harmony" are both social ideal states described by Confucius. The commonness of them lies in the carelessness and abundance of material life. The so-called "prosperity means great cause, and the new day means prosperity", which is exactly what Confucius meant. The all-round well-off society that we are about to build today is to lay a solid material foundation for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and ultimately the realm of "world harmony". Therefore, prosperity, democracy, civilization and harmony are not only the spiritual nourishment of traditional Chinese virtues, but also the main basis for judging whether China can achieve leapfrog development at both material and spiritual levels. At the social level, the expression of socialist core values on "freedom, equality, justice and rule of law" implies the social ethics and social morality to be achieved in contemporary China, and reflects the overall progress of Chinese society. Excellent traditional Chinese culture has always emphasized that good human nature is the rule of morality and justice, and the rule of etiquette and law is the rule of social justice. Confucius said, "Virtue of Tao, courtesy of Qi, shame and qualifications." The concepts of freedom, equality, justice and the rule of law not only inherit the emphasis of social justice from the excellent traditional Chinese culture, but also incorporate the connotation of vitality and characteristics of the times since modern times, especially the modern values of the rule of law and equality based on the present and facing the future. At the individual level, the socialist core values, through the eight words of patriotism, dedication, honesty and friendliness, contain individual virtues and group virtues, which are directed by the self-improvement of individuals and the constructive relationship between individuals and countries, nations and others. Patriotism, professionalism, honesty and friendliness not only absorb the virtues of "the rise and fall of the world, the duty of the man", "worship only aspirations, work only diligently", "no faith, no independence", "friendship and benevolence" in the excellent traditional Chinese culture, but also endow them with broad, profound and realistic connotations, which contribute to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation through the thoughts and actions of individuals, groups and the whole.
Apparently, General Secretary Xi Jinping's elaboration on "socialist core values are a kind of morality" accurately depicts the common moral and cultural structure of China in history and today, and effectively promotes the people's understanding and recognition of socialist core values. "Dao is what people use everyday." Strengthening personal moral cultivation, fulfilling moral obligations, starting from oneself, starting from life, are the main ways to practice socialist core values. It is in this sense that General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "We should pay attention to the daily, concrete, visualized and life-oriented socialist core values, so that everyone can perceive it, understand it, internalize it into spiritual pursuit, externalize it into practical action, so as to achieve great morality, public morality and strict private morality."
Modernization of State Governance Ability and History and Culture